Epinephelus coioides

Gold-spotted rockcod | Brown-spotted Rockcod | Estuary Cod | Greasy Cod | Orange-spotted Grouper | Orange-spotted Rockcod | Epinephelus coiodes
Epinephelus coioidesEpinephelus coioides, juvenile, New South Wales, Australia, Photo: Ian Shaw
Epinephelus coioidesEpinephelus coioides, adult, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
Epinephelus coioidesEpinephelus coioides, adult, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
1 / 3
Epinephelus coioides
Epinephelus coioides
Epinephelus coioides


Mediterranean, Tropical Indo-Pacific


Large grouper, five alternating pairs of broken light and dark bars, orange-brown spots evenly scattered over body. Juveniles have similar markings but, fewer and relatively larger spots. Juveniles found in mangroves and estuaries.. E. malabaricus (Blackspotted Grouper) is covered with small black spots. Length to 120 cm.


Max Size: 120 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 20.1-32.2°C

Depth: 1-100m

Habitat Generalization Index: 2.52

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Near Threatened

Occurrence: Infrequent (3.6% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Solitary (1 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.

Edit by: Joe Shields