Epinephelus areolatus

Square-tail groper | Areolate Grouper | Areolate Rockcod | Flat-tail Cod | Spotted Groupe | Squaretail Rockcod | Yellow-spotted Rockcod
Epinephelus areolatus
Epinephelus areolatus, Amakusa, Japan, Photo: Graham Edgar
Epinephelus areolatus
Epinephelus areolatus, Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia, Photo: Graham Edgar
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Epinephelus areolatus
Epinephelus areolatus


Tropical Indo-Pacific


Pale grey/whitish with close set orange/brown spots, a straight rear edge on tail fin and a white tail margin. Length to 40 cm.


Max Size: 47 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 14-31.5°C

Depth: 2-200m

Habitat Generalization Index: N/A

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Least Concern

Occurrence: Infrequent (1.5% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Few (3 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.

Edit by: Joe Shields