Cephalopholis panamensis

Pacific graysby | Panama Graysby
Cephalopholis panamensis
Cephalopholis panamensis, adult, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador, Photo: Graham Edgar
Cephalopholis panamensis
Cephalopholis panamensis, juvenile, Coiba Island, Panama, Photo: Graham Edgar
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Cephalopholis panamensis
Cephalopholis panamensis


Tropical Eastern Pacific


Brown, heavy body with blue-edged orange spots on face, dark bars on sides which become more faint on back, dark, blue-edged spot behind eye, equal in size to eye. Juveniles bluish with orange spots on face and yellow on top of head and start of back. A shy and secretive species.


Max Size: 31 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 22.8-30.3°C

Depth: 0-80m

Habitat Generalization Index: 22.45

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Least Concern

Occurrence: Widespread (55.8% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Few (5 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.

Edit by: Joe Shields