Chaetodon speculum

Oval-spot butterflyfish | Mirror Butterflyfish | One-spot Butterflyfish
Chaetodon speculum
Chaetodon speculum, adult, Raja Ampat, Indonesia, Photo: Andrew Green
Chaetodon speculum
Chaetodon speculum, adult, NSW, Australia, Photo: Ian Shaw
Chaetodon speculum
Chaetodon speculum, Lord Howe Island, NSW, Photo: Graham Edgar
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Chaetodon speculum
Chaetodon speculum
Chaetodon speculum


Tropical Indo-Pacific


Large black oval spot on upper back, lacking light margin as in C. bennetti (Eclipse Butterflyfish). Yellow body, black band through eye, rear edge of tail fin transparent.


Max Size: 18 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 19.1-30.7°C

Depth: 1-30m

Habitat Generalization Index: 10.99

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Least Concern

Occurrence: Frequent (12.4% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Few (2 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.

Edit by: RD Stuart-Smith, GJ Edgar, AJ Green, IV Shaw. 2015. Tropical Marine Fishes of Australia. Reed New Holland