Sarpa salpa

Salema | Karanteen | Salpa | Goldline
Sarpa salpa
Sarpa salpa, Naples, Italy, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
Sarpa salpa
Sarpa salpa, Banyuls, France, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
Sarpa salpa
Sarpa salpa, Canary Islands, Spain, Photo: Graham Edgar
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Sarpa salpa
Sarpa salpa
Sarpa salpa


Mediterranean, Temperate Africa


Silver with numerous golden stripes along body, a golden lateral line, a black spot at base of pectoral fin and a yellow eye. Often form large schools.


Max Size: 51 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 12-26.7°C

Depth: 5-70m

Habitat Generalization Index: 13.34

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Not Evaluated

Occurrence: Widespread (61.2% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Many (38 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.

Edit by: Joe Shields