Pygoplites diacanthus

Regal Angelfish | Blue-banded Angelfish | Empress Angelfish | Royal Angelfish | Royal Empress Angelfish
Pygoplites diacanthus
Pygoplites diacanthus, Bali, Indonesia, Photo: Ian Shaw
Pygoplites diacanthus
Pygoplites diacanthus, Naigani Is, Fiji, Photo: Andrew Green
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Pygoplites diacanthus
Pygoplites diacanthus


Tropical Indo-Pacific


Distinctive bright banded body markings. Occasional yellow form, lacking blue. Juveniles (not shown) with similar markings to adults.


Max Size: 25 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 23.1-31.4°C

Depth: 0-80m

Habitat Generalization Index: 20.09

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Least Concern

Occurrence: Common (34.9% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Few (2 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.

Edit by: RD Stuart-Smith, GJ Edgar, AJ Green, IV Shaw. 2015. Tropical Marine Fishes of Australia. Reed New Holland