Pseudupeneus maculatus

Spotted goatfish
Pseudupeneus maculatusPseudupeneus maculatus, Turks & Caicos, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
Pseudupeneus maculatusPseudupeneus maculatus, Abrolhos Islands, Brazil, Photo: Graham Edgar
Pseudupeneus maculatusPseudupeneus maculatus, Turks & Caicos, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
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Pseudupeneus maculatus
Pseudupeneus maculatus
Pseudupeneus maculatus


Tropical Atlantic/Caribbean


A row of three squarish black blotches on mid-side with a small splash of dark colour behind eye, narrow blue lines on face and rows of blue spots following scale lines on body, base colour variable but usually pale with yellow or red tinge on back. Can rapidly display a pattern of red blotches on head and body. While hunting it is often shadowed by wrasses, snappers and jacks which feed on the prey disturbed by P. maculatus as it forages in the sand.


Max Size: 30 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 23.2-30.6°C

Depth: 2-110m

Habitat Generalization Index: 6.22

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Not Evaluated

Occurrence: Frequent (13.1% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Few (3 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.

Edit by: Joe Shields

Further Information