Neoniphon sammara

Spotfish squirrelfish | Armed Squirrelfish | Bloodspot Squirrelfish | Javelin Squirrelfish | Lonchin Squirrelfish | Spotfin Squirrelfish
Neoniphon sammara
Neoniphon sammara, Mellish Reef, Coral Sea, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
Neoniphon sammara
Neoniphon sammara, Coral Sea, QLD, Photo: Andrew Green
Neoniphon sammara
Neoniphon sammara, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
Neoniphon sammara
Neoniphon sammara, Aceh, Indonesia, Photo: Ian Shaw
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Neoniphon sammara
Neoniphon sammara
Neoniphon sammara
Neoniphon sammara


Tropical Indo-Pacific


Dark blotch in centre of spiny dorsal fin and pronounced stripes along sides which sometimes appear as rows of spots. Spots on cheek, red blotch on operculum and stripe along lateral line red. Shy and secretive, hidden in or near branching corals during the day. Similar N.argenteus (Silver Squirrelfish) lacks black blotch on dorsal fin, while N. opercularis (Blackfin Squirrelfish) lacks lines along body.


Max Size: 32 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 22.3-31.2°C

Depth: 0-46m

Habitat Generalization Index: 16.45

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Least Concern

Occurrence: Frequent (17.3% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Few (4 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.

Edit by: Joe Shields