Lethrinus miniatus

Sweetlip-emperor | Longface Emperor | Longnosed Emperor | Starry Pigface Bream | Sweetlip Emperor | Trumpet Emperor
Lethrinus miniatus
Lethrinus miniatus, adult, NSW, Australia, Photo: Ian Shaw


Temperate Australasia, Tropical Indo-Pacific


High body, long snout, upper head profile slightly concave, orange markings on face around eyes, base of pectoral fins with bright orange-red patch, often displays dark and light bars on body but can rapidly change markings. An important commercial and recreational fish species on the Great Barrier Reef.


Max Size: 90 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 21.5-29.3°C

Depth: 5-30 m

Habitat Generalization Index: N/A

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Not Evaluated

Occurrence: Infrequent (4.8% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Few (3 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.

Edit by: RD Stuart-Smith, GJ Edgar, AJ Green, IV Shaw. 2015. Tropical Marine Fishes of Australia. Reed New Holland