Heniochus varius

Humphead bannerfish
Heniochus varius
Heniochus varius, Bali, Indonesia, Photo: Ian Shaw
Heniochus varius
Heniochus varius, Naigani Is, Fiji, Photo: Andrew Green
Heniochus varius
Heniochus varius, juvenile, Bali, Indonesia, Photo: Ian Shaw
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Heniochus varius
Heniochus varius
Heniochus varius


Tropical Indo-Pacific


Brown, with two thin white stripes on side form a triangle. Two horns on head. Lacks yellow pectoral fins of H. monoceros and H. singularis. H. pleurotaenia, an Indian Ocean species not known from Australia, has light patch separating dark anal fin and area behind pectoral fin.


Max Size: 19 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 23.8-31.4°C

Depth: 2-30m

Habitat Generalization Index: 10.02

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Least Concern

Occurrence: Common (20.5% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Few (2 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.