Halichoeres brasiliensis

Brazilian wrasse
Halichoeres brasiliensis
Halichoeres brasiliensis, adult, Abrolhos, Bahia, Brazil, Photo: Graham Edgar
Halichoeres brasiliensis
Halichoeres brasiliensis, juvenile, Abrolhos, Bahia, Brazil, Photo: Graham Edgar
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Halichoeres brasiliensis
Halichoeres brasiliensis




Adults green with red streaks on scales aligning to make narrow red bands on sides, a large red patch on cheek, oblique green lines through eye and red scribbles behind eye. Fins with iridescent blue lines and spots, and tail fin triangular green markings in corners. Juveniles pale with a yellow top half of head, two yellow stripes along mid side, another less distinct stripe along back and three black ocelli (two on back/dorsal fin and one on tail base). Large individuals are usually found below 10m depth, while juveniles prefer shallow water such as tide pools.


Max Size: 19 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 23.3-28.1°C

Depth: 1-60m

Habitat Generalization Index: N/A

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Data Deficient

Occurrence: Widespread (100% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Few (2 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.

Edit by: Joe Shields