Eviota melasma

Headspot Eviota | Black-spotted Pygmygoby | Headspot Pygmygoby | Melasma Pygmygoby
Eviota melasma
Eviota melasma, QLD, Australia, Photo: Graham Edgar

Distribution

Tropical Indo-Pacific


Description

Translucent body covered with red and white specks, alternating red and white bands across back, pair of black occipital spots on back above pectoral fins, although these can be very difficult to see (likely able to be 'switched off'), and densely spotted yellow outer eye. Squarish red blotches on belly separated by white. Pair of orange/red v-shaped patches often outlined in black between the eyes and the sometimes present occipital spot. Very similar to the Eviota guttata species complex, can be differentiated by the shape of red patches behind and between eyes. 


Information

Max Size: 3 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 23.5-30.3°C

Depth: 1-44m

Habitat Generalization Index: 2.87

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.


Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Not Evaluated

Occurrence: Frequent (11.1% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Several (6 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.