Elagatis bipinnulata

Rainbow Runner | Hawaiian Salmon | Ocean Salmon | Prodigal Son | Rainbow Yellowtail | Salmon Runner | Shoemaker | Spanish Jack | Striped Fish | Tabio | Yellow Tail
Elagatis bipinnulata
Elagatis bipinnulata, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
Elagatis bipinnulata
Elagatis bipinnulata, Great Barrier Reef, Photo: Lizzi Oh
Elagatis bipinnulata
Elagatis bipinnulata, adult, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
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Elagatis bipinnulata
Elagatis bipinnulata
Elagatis bipinnulata

Similar Species


Temperate Australasia, Tropical Atlantic/Caribbean, Tropical Eastern Pacific, Tropical Indo-Pacific


Pointed snout with a pair of bright blue lines back to the tail base, strongly forked tail with pointed lobes. Schools with other open water fishes such as tunas, billfishes and other trevallies. Sometimes seen around edges of oceanic reefs and around floating structures.


Max Size: 180 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 18.9-31.4°C

Depth: 0-150 m

Habitat Generalization Index: 6.89

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Not Evaluated

Occurrence: Infrequent (4.6% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Many (14 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.

Edit by: RD Stuart-Smith, GJ Edgar, AJ Green, IV Shaw. 2015. Tropical Marine Fishes of Australia. Reed New Holland