Coris caudimacula

Spot-tail Wrasse | Spottail Coris | Tail-spot Rainbow-wrasse | Tailspot Wrasse
Coris caudimacula
Coris caudimacula, adult, Photo: Andrew Green
Coris caudimacula
Coris caudimacula, male, WA, Australia, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
Coris caudimacula
Coris caudimacula, Tanzania, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
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Coris caudimacula
Coris caudimacula
Coris caudimacula


Temperate Africa, Temperate Australasia, Tropical Indo-Pacific


Blue stripe extending obliquely from top lip through eye and curving to run along upper body to tail, second blue stripe running along mid body, red-brown back usually broken by pale bars, pale belly, second blue stripe on head curving below eye and hooking back in front of a yellow edged black spot on rear of operculum, dark spot at front of dorsal fin and a diffuse dark spot on tail base. Similar Coris dorsomacula (Pinklined Wrasse) distinguished by location (Pacific Ocean).


Max Size: 20 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 20.8-31.1°C

Depth: 1-57 m

Habitat Generalization Index: 4.01

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Least Concern

Occurrence: Common (20.6% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Few (3 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.

Edit by: Joe Shields