Cleidopus gloriamaris

Pineapple fish | Coat-of-mail Fish | Knight Fish | Pineconefish | Port and Starboard Lightfish
Cleidopus gloriamarisCleidopus gloriamaris, NSW, Australia, Photo: Ian Shaw
Cleidopus gloriamarisCleidopus gloriamaris, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
Cleidopus gloriamarisCleidopus gloriamaris, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
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Cleidopus gloriamaris
Cleidopus gloriamaris
Cleidopus gloriamaris


Temperate Australasia


Appearance of a pineapple, covered in spines and with a red luminescent organ on lower jaw light-emitting bacteria used at night to detect and possibly attract prey. Juveniles are found in comparatively shallow water in caves on reefs and also sometimes enter estuaries. Adults generally inhabit deep water, where they are occasionally trawled.


Max Size: 22 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 15.7-25.1°C

Depth: 3-250m

Habitat Generalization Index: N/A

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Not Evaluated

Occurrence: Infrequent (4.7% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Few (4 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.

Edit by: GJ Edgar. 2008. Australian Marine Life. New Holland, Sydney

Further Information