Caranx lugubris

Black Trevally | Black Jack | Black Kingfish | Black Ulua | Cabali | Coalfish | Giant Jack
Caranx lugubrisCaranx lugubris, Photo: Graham Edgar
Caranx lugubrisCaranx lugubris, Lord Howe Island, Australia, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
Caranx lugubrisCaranx lugubris, Photo: Graham Edgar
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Caranx lugubris
Caranx lugubris
Caranx lugubris


Tropical Atlantic/Caribbean, Tropical Eastern Pacific, Tropical Indo-Pacific


Hump-headed appearance due to steep concave head profile, tall body profile, dark scutes, tail and fins contrast with lighter olive to grey body.


Max Size: 100 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 19.1-31.3°C

Depth: 3-380m

Habitat Generalization Index: 7.77

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Not Evaluated

Occurrence: Infrequent (4.3% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Few (5 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.

Edit by: RD Stuart-Smith, GJ Edgar, AJ Green, IV Shaw. 2015. Tropical Marine Fishes of Australia. Reed New Holland