Acanthopagrus australis

Yellow fin bream | Australian Sea Bream | Black Bream | Bream | Common Bream | Eastern Black Bream | Sea Bream | Silver Bream | Surf Bream
Acanthopagrus australis
Acanthopagrus australis, Jervis Bay, NSW, Photo: Andrew Green
Acanthopagrus australis
Acanthopagrus australis, Moruya, NSW, Photo: Andrew Green
Acanthopagrus australis
Acanthopagrus australis, Coffs Harbour, NSW, Photo: Rick Stuart-Smith
Acanthopagrus australis
Acanthopagrus australis, adult, Coffs Harbour, NSW, Photo: Ian Shaw
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Acanthopagrus australis
Acanthopagrus australis
Acanthopagrus australis
Acanthopagrus australis


Temperate Australasia, Tropical Indo-Pacific


Silver to olive-green body and yellow pelvic and anal fins. Spawns during late autumn or winter at the entrance to estuaries. Range: about Townsville, Qld to the Gippsland Lakes, Vic.; overlaps with range for the very similar Black Bream Acanthopagrus butcheri which is found from about Ulladulla, NSW to Shark Bay, WA. Hybrids can occur.


Max Size: 66 cm

Sea Temperature Range: 15.3-25.2°C

Depth: 1-30m

Habitat Generalization Index: 15.73

Also referred to as the SGI (Species Generalisation Index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species. Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here.

Conservation and Rarity

IUCN Status: Not Evaluated

Occurrence: Common (39.9% of sites)

Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution. It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed

Abundance: Many (14 per transect)

Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.

Edit by: Andrew Green